Leaders of Algeria
(People's Democratic Republic of Algeria)
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Look for biographies of the leaders (in Spanish) at CIDOB website.

Parties: FLN: National Liberation Front; PRS: Revolutionary Socialist Party; RND: National Rally for Democracy; n/p: non-party


Heads of State
President of the Provisional Executive
Abderrahmane Farès     7 Apr 1962 - 25 Sep 1962 (+1991) FLN              

Chairman of the National Constituent Assembly
Ferhat Abbas          25 Sep 1962 - 29 Sep 1962 (+1985) FLN

President of the Republic
Ahmed Ben Bella       29 Sep 1962 - 19 Jun 1965 (+2012) FLN (*)

Chairman of the Revolutionary Council
Houari Boumédiène     19 Jun 1965 - 12 Dec 1976 (+1978) military/FLN

Presidents of the Republic
Houari Boumédiène     12 Dec 1976 - 27 Dec 1978 (+1978) FLN
Rabah Bitat           27 Dec 1978 -  9 Feb 1979 (+2000) FLN (acting)
Chadli Bendjedid       9 Feb 1979 - 11 Jan 1992 (+2012) FLN

Chairman of the Constitutional Council
Abdelmélik Benhabilès 11 Jan 1992 - 14 Jan 1992         FLN 

High Security Committee (HCS) (consultative, non-ruling body)
-Ahmed Ghozali (prime minister)                         FLN
-Gen. Khaled Nezzar (Defence minister)                  military
-Gen. Abdelmalek Guenaizia (Armed Forces chief Staff)   military
-Gen. Mohamed Lamari (Army comm-in-chief)               military
-Gen. Mohamed Mediene (Army Security Service chief)     military
-Gen. Larbi Belkheir (Interior minister)                FLN
-Abdelhamid Brahimi (Foreign minister)                  FLN
               
High Committee of State (HCE) (collective presidency)
-Gen. Khaled Nezzar                                     military
-Ali Hussain Kafi                               (+2013) FLN
-Ali Haroun                                             FLN
-El-Tidjani Haddam    14 Jan 1992 - 16 Jan 1992 (+2000) n/p

Chairman of the HCE
Mohamed Boudiaf       16 Jan 1992 - 29 Jun 1992 (+1992) PRS

High Committee of State (HCE) (collective presidency)
-Redha Malek                                            n/p (from 2 Jul)
-Gen. Khaled Nezzar                                     military
-Ali Hussain Kafi                               (+2013) FLN
-Ali Haroun                                             FLN
-El-Tidjani Haddam    29 Jun 1992 -  2 Jul 1992 (+2000) n/p

Chairman of the HCE
Ali Hussain Kafi       2 Jul 1992 - 31 Jan 1994 (+2013) FLN           

Presidents of the Republic
Liamine Zéroual       31 Jan 1994 - 27 Apr 1999         n/p, RND (**)
Abdelaziz Bouteflika  27 Apr 1999 -                     FLN

(*) President of the Republic only since 20 Sep 1963; to then, President of the Government acting as head of State.
(**) President of the Republic since 27 Nov 1995; to then styled head of State.

Heads of Government
Heads of the Provisional Government of the Algerian Revolution (GPRA, in rebellion)
Ferhat Abbas          19 Sep 1958 - 27 Aug 1961 (+1985) FLN 
Benyoucef Ben Khedda  27 Aug 1961 - 25 Sep 1962 (+2003) FLN                 

Prime Ministers
Ahmed Ben Bella       29 Sep 1962 - 20 Sep 1963 (+2012) FLN
Mohamed Abdelghani     8 Mar 1979 - 22 Jan 1984 (+1996) FLN
Abdelhamid Brahimi    22 Jan 1984 -  5 Nov 1988         FLN
Kasdi Merbah           5 Nov 1988 -  9 Sep 1989 (+1993) FLN
Mouloud Hamrouche      9 Sep 1989 -  5 Jun 1991         FLN
Ahmed Ghozali          5 Jun 1991 -  8 Jul 1992         FLN
Belaid Abdessalam      8 Jul 1992 - 21 Aug 1993         FLN
Redha Malek           21 Aug 1993 - 11 Apr 1994         n/p
Mokdad Sifi           11 Apr 1994 - 31 Dec 1995         n/p
Ahmed Ouyahia         31 Dec 1995 - 15 Dec 1998         n/p, RND
Smail Hamdani         15 Dec 1998 - 23 Dec 1999 (+2017) n/p
Ahmed Benbitour       23 Dec 1999 - 27 Aug 2000         n/p
Ali Benflis           27 Aug 2000 -  5 May 2003         FLN
Ahmed Ouyahia          5 May 2003 - 24 May 2006         RND
Abdelaziz Belkhadem   24 May 2006 - 23 Jun 2008         FLN
Ahmed Ouyahia         23 Jun 2008 -  3 Sep 2012         RND
Abdelmalek Sellal      3 Sep 2012 - 13 Mar 2014         n/p
Youcef Yousfi         13 Mar 2014 - 28 Apr 2014         n/p
Abdelmalek Sellal     28 Apr 2014 -                     n/p

Ministers of Foreign Affairs
Mohamed Khemisti      1962-1963 (+1963) FLN                          
Abdelaziz Bouteflika  1963-1979         FLN
Mohamed Benyahia      1979-1982 (+1982) FLN
Ahmed Taleb Ibrahimi  1982-1988         FLN
Boualem Bessaïh       1988-1989 (+2016) FLN
Ahmed Ghozali         1989-1991         FLN
Lakhdar Brahimi       1991-1993         FLN
Redha Malek           1993              n/p
Mohamed Saleh Dembri  1993-1996         n/p
Ahmed Attaf           1996-1999         RND 
Youcef Yousfi         1999-2000         n/p
Abdelaziz Belkhadem   2000-2005         FLN
Mohamed Bedjaoui      2005-2007         n/p
Mourad Medelci        2007-2013         n/p
Ramtane Lamamra       2013-             n/p

Leaders of the FLN
General Secretaries
Mohamed Khider           1962-1963 (+1967)
Ahmed Ben Bella          1963-1965 (+2012)
Cherif Belkacem          1965-1967 (+2009)
Kaïd Ahmed               1967-1972 (+1978)
Mohamed Salah Yahiaoui   1973-1980
Mohamed Cherif Messaâdia 1980-1988 (+2002) 
Abdelhamid Mehri         1988-1996 (+2012)
Boualem Benhamouda       1996-2001
Ali Benflis              2001-2004
Abdelaziz Belkhadem      2004-2013         (acting to 2005)
Amar Saidani             2013-

Honorary president
Abdelaziz Bouteflika     2005-

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