Leaders of Georgia
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Look for biographies of the leaders (in Spanish) at CIDOB website. See also the former USSR for data before 1991.

Parties: BD: Burdzhanadze-Democrats block; ENM: United National Movement; MM-TS: Round Table-Free Georgia; NMD: National Movement-Democrats (parliamentary merger of ENM and BD from Mar 2004); SMK: Citizens' Union of Georgia; KO-DS: Georgian Dream–Democratic Georgia; n/p: non-party


Heads of State
President of the Republic
Zviad Gamsakhurdia    14 Apr 1991 -  6 Jan 1992 (+1993) MM-TS (1)

Chairmen of the Military Council 
Dzhaba Ioseliani +                              (+2003) military
Tengiz Kitovani        6 Jan 1992 - 10 Mar 1992         military

Presidents of the Republic
Eduard Shevardnadze   10 Mar 1992 - 23 Nov 2003 (+2014) n/p, SMK (2)
Nino Burdzhanadze     23 Nov 2003 - 25 Jan 2004         BD (acting)      
Mikheil Saakashvili   25 Jan 2004 - 25 Nov 2007         ENM/NMD
Nino Burdzhanadze     25 Nov 2007 - 20 Jan 2008         BD/NMD (acting)
Mikheil Saakashvili   20 Jan 2008 - 17 Nov 2013         ENM/NMD
Giorgi Margvelashvili 17 Nov 2013 -                     n/p   

(1) Zviad Gamsakhurdia ruled as Chairman of the Supreme Council from 14 Nov 1990 to 14 Apr 1991. Ruler of an independent state since 25 Dec 1991 (declaration of 9 Apr 1991 effective as USSR is dissolved). After being ousted on 6 Jan 1992, Gamsakhurdia and his loyalists formed a Zugdidi-based counter-Government in rebelion. This rebel force controlled parts of western Georgia until 6 Nov 1993, when the stronghold was overrun by the National Army under command of the central Government led by Eduard Shevardnadze.
(2) Shevardnadze ruled as Chairman of Council of State to 6 Nov 1992 and as chairman of the Parliament performing the duties of head of State from that date to 26 Nov 1995.

Heads of Government
Prime ministers
Tengiz Sigua          15 Nov 1990 - 18 Aug 1991         n/p
Vissarion Gugushvili  23 Aug 1991 -  6 Jan 1992         MM-TS
Tengiz Sigua           6 Jan 1992 -  6 Aug 1993         n/p           
Eduard Shevardnadze    6 Aug 1993 - 20 Aug 1993 (+2014) n/p (acting)
Otar Patsatsia        20 Aug 1993 -  5 Oct 1995         n/p

Ministers of State
Niko Lekishvili        8 Dec 1995 -  7 Aug 1998         SMK    
Vazha Lordkipanidze    7 Aug 1998 - 11 May 2000         SMK          
Giorgi Arsenishvili   11 May 2000 - 21 Dec 2001         SMK 
Avtandil Jorbenadze   21 Dec 2001 - 27 Nov 2003         SMK 
Zurab Zhvania         27 Nov 2003 - 17 Feb 2004 (+2005) BD

Prime ministers
Zurab Zhvania         17 Feb 2004 -  3 Feb 2005 (+2005) BD/NMD
Mikheil Saakashvili    3 Feb 2005 - 17 Feb 2005         ENM/NMD (acting)
Zurab Nogaideli       17 Feb 2005 - 22 Nov 2007         ENM/NMD 
Lado Gurgenidze       22 Nov 2007 -  1 Nov 2008         n/p
Grigol Mgaloblishvili  1 Nov 2008 -  6 Feb 2009         n/p
Nika Gilauri           6 Feb 2009 -  4 Jul 2012         n/p  
Vano Merabishvili      4 Jul 2012 - 25 Oct 2012         ENM/NMD
Bidzina Ivanishvili   25 Oct 2012 - 20 Nov 2013         KO-DS
Irakli Garibashvili   20 Nov 2013 - 30 Dec 2015         KO-DS  
Giorgi Kvirikashvili  30 Dec 2015 -                     KO-DS

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