Leaders of Jamaica
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Look for biographies of the leaders (in Spanish) at CIDOB website.

Note: the British Monarch, Queen Elizabeth II, is the head of the State and is represented by a Governor-General.

Parties:: PNP: People's National Party; JLP: Jamaica Labour Party.


Heads of Government
Chief Ministers
William Alexander Bustamante  5 May 1953 -  2 Feb 1955 (†1977) JLP 
Norman Washington Manley      2 Feb 1955 -  4 Jul 1959 (†1969) PNP 

Prime Ministers
Norman Washington Manley      4 Jul 1959 - 29 Apr 1962 (†1969) PNP 
William Alexander Bustamante 29 Apr 1962 - 22 Feb 1967 (†1977) JLP (*)
Donald Burns Sangster        22 Feb 1967 - 11 Apr 1967 (†1967) JLP
Hugh Lawson Shearer          11 Apr 1967 -  2 Mar 1972 (†2004) JLP
Michael Norman Manley         2 Mar 1972 -  1 Nov 1980 (†1997) PNP
Edward Philip George Seaga    1 Nov 1980 - 10 Feb 1989 (†2019) JLP
Michael Norman Manley        10 Feb 1989 - 30 Mar 1992 (†1997) PNP
Percival James Patterson     30 Mar 1992 - 30 Mar 2006         PNP
Portia Simpson Miller        30 Mar 2006 - 11 Sep 2007         PNP
Orette Bruce Golding         11 Sep 2007 - 23 Oct 2011         JLP
Andrew Michael Holness       23 Oct 2011 -  5 Jan 2012         JLP
Portia Simpson Miller         5 Jan 2012 -  3 Mar 2016         PNP
Andrew Michael Holness        3 Mar 2016 -                     JLP

(*) Ruler of an independent state only since 6 Aug 1962.


Governors-General
Kenneth Blackburne            6 Aug 1962 - 30 Nov 1962 (†1980)
Clifford Campbell             1 Dec 1962 -  2 Mar 1973 (†1991)
Herbert Duffus                2 Mar 1973 - 27 Jun 1973 (†2002) (acting)
Florizel Glasspole           27 Jun 1973 - 31 Mar 1991 (†2000) 
Edward Zacca                 31 Mar 1991 -  1 Aug 1991 (†2019) (acting)
Howard Cooke                  1 Aug 1991 - 15 Feb 2006 (†2014)        
Kenneth Hall                 15 Feb 2006 - 26 Feb 2009
Patrick Allen                26 Feb 2009 -   

Leaders of PNP
Norman Washington Manley     1938-1969 (†1969)     
Michael Norman Manley        1969-1992 (†1997) 
Percival James Patterson     1992-2006         
Portia Simpson Miller        2006-2017
Peter Phillips               2017-

Leaders of JLP
William Alexander Bustamante 1943-1967 (†1977) 
Hugh Lawson Shearer          1967-1974 (†2004) 
Edward Philip George Seaga   1974-2005 (†2019)        
Orette Bruce Golding         2005-2011
Andrew Michael Holness       2011-            

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