Leaders of Libya
(State of Libya)
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Look for biographies of the leaders (in Spanish) at CIDOB website.

Parties: ASU: Arab Socialist Union (single party 1971-1976); NCT: National Centrist Party; NFP: National Front Party; NPDW: National Party for Development and Welfare

Political milestones: Independence as United Libyan Kingdom (24 Dec 1951); Libyan Kingdom (25 Apr 1963); Libyan Arab Republic (1 Sep 1969); Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya (2 Mar 1977); Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya (Apr 1986); Libya ("Libyan Republic") (23 Aug 2011); State of Libya (8 Jan 2013)


Heads of State
King
Muhammad Idris I as-Sanusi   24 Dec 1951 -  1 Sep 1969 (+1983) 

Chairman of the (military) Revolutionary Command Council
Muammar Muhammad al-Gaddafi   1 Sep 1969 -  1 Mar 1977 (+2011) military, ASU       

General Secretaries of the General People's Congress
Muammar Muhammad al-Gaddafi   1 Mar 1977 -  1 Mar 1979 (+2011) military          
Abdul Ati al-Ubaydi           1 Mar 1979 -  7 Jan 1981         n/p
Muhammad az-Zarruq Rajab      7 Jan 1981 - 15 Feb 1984         n/p
Miftah al-Usta Umar          15 Feb 1984 -  7 Oct 1990         n/p
Abdul Razzaq as-Sawsa         7 Oct 1990 - 18 Nov 1992         n/p
Zintani Muhammad az-Zintani  18 Nov 1992 -  3 Mar 2008         n/p
Muftah Muhammad Kaiba         3 Mar 2008 -  5 Mar 2009         n/p
Mubarak Abdullah ash-Shamikh  5 Mar 2009 - 26 Jan 2010         n/p
Muhammad Abdul Qasim al-Zwai 26 Jan 2010 - 23 Aug 2011         n/p

Chairman of the National Transitional Council (NTC)
Mustafa Muhammad Abdul Jalil 23 Aug 2011 -  9 Aug 2012         n/p (in rebellion 5 Mar-23 Aug 2011)

Chairmen of the General National Congress (GNC)
Muhammad Ali Salim            9 Aug 2012 - 10 Aug 2012         n/p (acting)
Muhammad al-Megarif          10 Aug 2012 - 28 May 2013         NFP
Giuma Attaiga                28 May 2013 - 25 Jun 2013         n/p (acting)
Nouri Abu Sahmain            25 Jun 2013 -  4 Aug 2014         n/p (in rebellion, Tripoli-based, from 4 Aug 2014 to 5 Apr 2016)	

Presidents of the House of Representatives
Abu Bakr Baira                4 Aug 2014 -  5 Aug 2014         n/p (acting)
Akila Saleh Issa              5 Aug 2014 - 30 Mar 2016         n/p (with intl. recognition, Tobruk-based)

Chairman of the Presidential Council
Fayez al-Sarraj              30 Mar 2016 -                     n/p (with intl. recognition, Tripoli-based)

Leader of the Revolution
Muammar Muhammad al-Gaddafi   2 Mar 1979 - 23 Aug 2011 (+2011) military         

M. al-Gaddafi held no constitutional office since 2 Mar 1979, but he was regarded the supreme leader and de facto head of State as "Leader of the Revolution".


Heads of Government
Prime Ministers
Mahmud al-Muntasir           29 Mar 1951 - 19 Feb 1954 (+1970)
Muhammad Saqizli             19 Feb 1954 - 12 Apr 1954  
Mustafa Ben Halim            12 Apr 1954 - 26 May 1957                   
Abdul Majid Qubar            26 May 1957 - 17 Oct 1960 
Muhammad Osman Said          17 Oct 1960 - 19 Mar 1963 (+2007)
Mohieddin Fiqini             19 Mar 1963 - 20 Jan 1964
Mahmud al-Muntasir           20 Jan 1964 - 20 Mar 1965 (+1970)
Hussein Mazziq               20 Mar 1965 -  2 Jul 1967 (+2006)            
Abdul Qadir al-Badri          2 Jul 1967 - 25 Oct 1967 (+2003)
Abdul Hamid al-Baqoush       25 Oct 1967 -  4 Sep 1968 (+2007)
Wanis al-Gaddafi              4 Sep 1968 - 31 Aug 1969 
Mahmud Sulayman al-Maghribi   8 Sep 1969 - 16 Jan 1970         n/p
Abdul Salam Jalloud          16 Jul 1972 -  1 Mar 1977         military

General Secretaries of the General People's Committee
Abdul Ati al-Ubaydi           1 Mar 1977 -  1 Mar 1979         n/p
Jadallah Azzuz at-Talhi       1 Mar 1979 - 16 Feb 1984         n/p
Muhammad az-Zaruq Rajab      16 Feb 1984 -  3 Mar 1986         n/p
Jadallah Azzuz at-Talhi       3 Mar 1986 -  1 Mar 1987         n/p
Umar Mustafa al-Muntasir      1 Mar 1987 -  7 Oct 1990 (+2001) n/p
Abu Zaid Umar Dourda          7 Oct 1990 - 29 Jan 1994         n/p
Abdul Majid al-Qaud          29 Jan 1994 - 29 Dec 1997         n/p
Muhammad Ahmad al-Mangoush   29 Dec 1997 -  1 Mar 2000         n/p
Mubarak Abdullah ash-Shamikh  1 Mar 2000 - 14 Jun 2003         n/p
Shukri Ghanem                14 Jun 2003 -  5 Mar 2006 (+2012) n/p        
Al-Baghdadi Ali al-Mahmudi    5 Mar 2006 - 23 Aug 2011  

Chairmen of the NTC's Executive Board (interim prime ministers)   
Mahmoud Jibril               23 Aug 2011 - 23 Oct 2011         n/p (in rebellion 23 Mar-23 Aug 2011)   
Ali Tarhouni                 23 Oct 2011 - 24 Nov 2011         NCT (acting)       
       
Prime Ministers
Abdul Rahim al-Kib           24 Nov 2011 - 14 Nov 2012         n/p (interim)
Ali Zidan                    14 Nov 2012 - 11 Mar 2014         n/p, NPDW
Abdullah al-Thani            11 Mar 2014 -                     n/p (acting to 8 Apr 2014, with intl. recognition to Mar 2016, Tobruk-based)
Ahmad Matiq                   4 May 2014 -  9 Jun 2014         n/p (election declared unconstitutional)
Omar al-Hassi                 6 Sep 2014 -  1 Abr 2015         n/p (in rebellion, Tripoli-based National Salvation Government)
Khalifa al-Ghawail            1 Apr 2015 -  1 Apr 2016         n/p (acting to 1 Dec 2015, in rebellion, Tripoli-based National Salvation Government)
Fayez al-Sarraj               1 Apr 2016 -                     n/p (with intl. recognition, Tripoli-based National Accord Government)
Khalifa al-Ghawail           14 Oct 2016 - 15 Mar 2017         n/p (in rebellion, Tripoli-based National Salvation Government)

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