Leaders of Mauritania
(Islamic Republic of Mauritania)
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Look for biographies of the leaders (in Spanish) at CIDOB website.

Parties: UPM: Mauritanian Progressive Union (> PRM); PRM: Mauritanian Gathering Party (*1958, > PPM); PPM: Mauritanian People's Party (* 1961); PRDS: Social and Democratic Republican Party (* 1992); PNDD-ADIL: National Pact for Development and Democracy UPR: Union for the Republic n/p: non-party


Heads of State
President of the Republic
Moktar Ould Daddah               20 Aug 1961 - 10 Jul 1978 (+2003) PRM, PPM (acting to 20 Aug 1961) 

Chairmen of the Military Committee for National Salvation (1)
Moustafa Ould Mohammed Salek     10 Jul 1978 -  3 Jun 1979 (+2012) military (2)
Mohammed Mahmoud Ould Ahmed Louly 3 Jun 1979 -  4 Jan 1980         military
Mohammed Khouna Ould Haidalla     4 Jan 1980 - 12 Dec 1984         military
Maaouya Ould Ahmed Taya          12 Dec 1984 - 18 Apr 1992         military 

President of the Republic
Maaouya Ould Ahmed Taya          18 Apr 1992 -  3 Aug 2005         PRDS

Chairman of the Military Council for Justice and Democracy
Ely Ould Mohammed Vall            3 Aug 2005 - 19 Apr 2007 (+2017) military

President of the Republic
Mohammed Ould Cheikh Abdallahi   19 Apr 2007 -  6 Aug 2008         n/p

Chairman of the High Council of State
Mohammed Ould Abdelaziz           6 Aug 2008 - 15 Apr 2009         military 

Presidents of the Republic
Ba Mamadou dit M'Baré            15 Apr 2009 -  5 Aug 2009 (+2013) n/p (interim)
Mohammed Ould Abdelaziz           5 Aug 2009 -                     UPR

(1) From 20 Mar 1979 also styled heads of State.
(2) Chairman of the Military Commitee for National Recovery to 6 Apr 1979.

Prime Ministers
Moktar Ould Daddah               21 May 1957 - 20 Aug 1961 (+2003) UPM, PRM, PPM (3)
Ahmed Ould Bouceif                6 Apr 1979 - 27 May 1979 (+1979) military
Ahmed Salim Ould Sid             28 May 1979 - 31 May 1979         military (acting)
Mohammed Khouna Ould Haidalla    31 May 1979 - 12 Dec 1980         military 
Ahmed Ould Bneijara              12 Dec 1980 - 25 Apr 1981         n/p
Maaouya Ould Ahmed Taya          25 Apr 1981 -  8 Mar 1984         military
Mohammed Khouna Ould Haidalla     8 Mar 1984 - 12 Dec 1984         military
Maaouya Ould Ahmed Taya          12 Dec 1984 - 18 Apr 1992         military
Mohammed Ould Boubacar           18 Apr 1992 -  2 Jan 1996         PRDS
El Afia Ould Mohammed Khouna      2 Jan 1996 - 18 Dec 1997         PRDS 
Mohammed Lemine Ould Bah         18 Dec 1997 - 16 Nov 1998         PRDS
El Afia Ould Mohammed Khouna     16 Nov 1998 -  6 Jul 2003         PRDS
Sghaier Ould Mbarek               6 Jul 2003 -  7 Aug 2005         PRDS
Mohammed Ould Boubacar            7 Aug 2005 - 20 Apr 2007         PRDS
Zeine Ould Zeidane               20 Apr 2007 -  6 May 2008         n/p
Yahya Ould Ahmed El Waghef        6 May 2008 -  6 Aug 2008         PNDD-ADIL
Moulaye Ould Mohammed Laghdaf    14 Aug 2008 - 20 Aug 2014         n/p
Yahya Ould Hademine              20 Aug 2014 -                     UPR

(3) Ruler of an independent State only since 28 Nov 1960. Also acting head of State to 20 Aug 1961.

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