Leaders of Morocco
(Kingdom of Morocco)
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Look for biographies of the leaders (in Spanish) at CIDOB website.

Current parties: USFP: Socialist Union of Popular Forces; PI: Independence Party (Istiqlal); RNI: National Rally of Independents; UC: Constitutional Union; MP: Popular Movement; MDS: Democratic and Social Movement; FFD: Front of Democratic Forces; PPS: Party of Progress and Socialism; PJD: Party of Justice and Development; PSD: Social and Democratic Party (new); PAM: Authenticity and Modernity Party; PDN: Democratic National Party; PSU: Unified Socialist Party

Late parties: UNFP: National Union of Popular Forces (became USFP in 1975); FDIC: Front for Defence of Constitutional Institutions (comprising MP, PSD and PDC); PSD: Social and Democratic Party (old); PDC: Constitutional Democratic Party; PCM: Moroccan Communist Party (became PLS in 1960); PLS: Party for the Socialist Liberation; MPDC: Popular Constitutional and Democratic Movement (became PJD in 1998); MNP: National Popular Movement; PND: National Democratic Party; OADP: Organization of Democratic and Popular Action


Heads of State
Sultan
Mohammed V ibn Yusuf       16 Nov 1955 - 14 Aug 1957 (+1961)  

Kings
Mohammed V ibn Yusuf       14 Aug 1957 - 26 Feb 1961 (+1961)      
Hasan II ibn Mohammed      26 Feb 1961 - 23 Jul 1999 (+1999)      
Mohammed VI ibn al-Hasan   23 Jul 1999 -                      

Heads of Government
Prime Ministers
Mbarek Bekkaï               7 Dec 1955 - 15 Apr 1958 (+1961) n/p
Mohammed Ahmed Belafrej    12 May 1958 -  4 Dec 1958 (+1990) PI
Abdallah Ibrahim           16 Dec 1958 - 20 May 1960 (+2005) PI, UNFP
King Mohammed V            20 May 1960 - 26 Feb 1961 (+1961) n/p 
King Hasan II              26 Feb 1961 - 13 Nov 1963 (+1999) n/p
Mohammed Ahmed Bahnini     13 Nov 1963 -  7 Jun 1965 (+1971) FDIC-PSD
King Hasan II               7 Jun 1965 -  7 Jul 1967 (+1999) n/p
Mohammed Benhima            7 Jul 1967 -  6 Oct 1969 (+1992) n/p
Ahmed Laraki                6 Oct 1969 -  6 Aug 1971         n/p
Mohammed Karim Lamrani      6 Aug 1971 -  2 Nov 1972         n/p
Ahmed Osman                 2 Nov 1972 - 22 Mar 1979         n/p, RNI
Maâti Bouabid              22 Mar 1979 - 30 Nov 1983 (+1996) n/p, UC
Mohammed Karim Lamrani     30 Nov 1983 - 30 Sep 1986         n/p
Azzeddine Laraki           30 Sep 1986 - 11 Aug 1992 (+2010) n/p
Mohammed Karim Lamrani     11 Aug 1992 - 25 May 1994         n/p
Abdellatif Filali          25 May 1994 -  4 Feb 1998 (+2009) n/p
Abderrahmane El Youssoufi   4 Feb 1998 -  9 Oct 2002         USFP
Driss Jettou                9 Oct 2002 - 19 Sep 2007         n/p
Abbas El Fassi             19 Sep 2007 - 30 Jul 2011         PI

Chiefs of Government
Abbas El Fassi             30 Jul 2011 - 29 Nov 2011         PI
Abdelilah Benkirane        29 Nov 2011 -                     PJD

Ministers of Foreign Affairs
Mohammed Ahmed Belafrej    1956-1958 (+1990) PI
Abdallah Ibrahim           1958-1960 (+2005) PI/UNFP  
Driss M'Hammadi            1960-1961 (+1969) PI
Mohammed Ahmed Belafrej    1961-1963 (+1990) PI 
Ahmed Réda Guédira         1963-1964 (+1995) FDIC
Ahmed Taibi Benhima        1964-1966 (+1980)
Mohammed Cherkaoui         1966-1967 (+2002)
Ahmed Laraki               1967-1971         n/p
Abdellatif Filali          1971-1972 (+2009) n/p
Ahmed Taibi Benhima        1972-1974 (+1980)
Ahmed Laraki               1974-1977         n/p
M'hammed Boucetta          1977-1983 (+2017) PI
Abdelouahed Belkaziz       1983-1985         n/p
Abdellatif Filali          1985-1999 (+2009) n/p
Mohammed Benaissa          1999-2007         n/p
Taieb Fassi Fihri          2007-2012         n/p
Saâdeddine El Othmani      2012-2013         PJD
Salaheddine Mezouar        2013-             RNI

Ministers of the Interior
Lahcen Lyoussi             1955-1956 (+1970) n/p
Driss M'Hammadi            1956-1958 (+1969) PI
Messaoud Chiguer           1958      (+1969) 
Driss M'Hammadi            1958-1960 (+1969) PI
Mbarek Bekkaï              1960-1961 (+1961) n/p
Ahmed Reda Guédira         1961-1963 (+1995) n/p
Abderrahmane El Khatib     1963-1965
Mohammed Oufkir            1965-1971 (+1972) military  
Ahmed Benbouchta           1971-1972 (+1973)
Mohammed Benhima           1972-1979 (+1992) n/p
Driss Basri                1979-1999 (+2007) n/p
Ahmed El Midaoui           1999-2001         n/p
Driss Jettou               2001-2002         n/p
Ali Mustapha Sahel         2002-2006         n/p
Chakib Benmoussa           2006-2010         n/p
Taïeb Charkaoui            2010-2012         n/p
Mohand Laenser             2012-2013         MP
Mohammed Hassad            2013-             n/p

Leaders of UNFP/USFP
Collective leadership of UNFP 
-Mehdi Ben Barka                     (+1965) 
-Abdallah Ibrahim                    (+2005)
-Abderrahim Bouabid                  (+1992)
-Mohammed Fqih Basri                 (+2003)
-Abderrahmane El Youssoufi 1959-1975          

First Secretaries of USFP
Abderrahim Bouabid         1975-1992 (+1992)
Abderrahmane El Youssoufi  1992-2003         
Mohammed El Yazghi         2003-2008
Abdelwahed Radi            2008-2012
Driss Lachgar              2012-

UNFP was established on 6 Sep 1959 by splinters of the Istiqlal Party. In 1975 became the USFP.


General Secretaries of PI
Allal El Fassi             1944-1974 (+1974)
M'hammed Boucetta          1974-1998 (+2017)         
Abbas El Fassi             1998-2012        
Abdelhamid Chabat          2012-      

Chairmen of RNI
Ahmed Osman                1978-2007
Mustapha Mansouri          2007-2010
Salaheddine Mezouar        2010-              

General Secretaries of UC
Maâti Bouabid              1983-1996 (+1996)      
Abdellatif Semlali         1996-2001 (+2001)      
Mohammed Abied             2001-              

Leaders of MP
General Secretaries
Mahjoubi Aherdane          1957-1986
Mohand Laenser             1986-

President
Mahjoubi Aherdane          2006-
The MP was established in 1958 by splinters of the PI.
General Secretary of MDS
Mahmoud Archane            1996-              
The MDS was established on 15 Jun 1996 by splinters of the MNP.
General Secretary of MNP
Mahjoubi Aherdane          1991-2006
The MNP was established in 1991 by splinters of the MP. In 2006 the party merged back into the MP.
General Secretaries of PND
Mohammed Arsalane El Jadidi1982-20..
Abdellah El Kadiri         20..-2008             
The PND was established in 1981 by splinters of the RNI. On 7 Aug 2008 it joined other parties to create the Authenticity and Modernity Party (PAM).
General Secretaries of PAM
Fouad Ali El Himma         2008-2011
Mustapha Bakkoury          2012-2016
Ilyas El Omari             2016-           
The PAM was established on 7 Aug 2008 from the merger of five political parties, the PND among them.
General Secretary of PDN
Abdellah El Kadiri         2009-          
The PDN was constituted in 2009 by members of the late PND dissatisfied with the PAM leadership (see above).
General Secretary of FFD
Thami El Khyari            1997-2013
        * vacant *         2013-              
The FFD was established on 22 Jun 1997 by splinters of the PPS.
General Secretaries of PCM/PLS/PPS
Ali Yata                   1943-1969 (+1997) 
Ali Yata                   1974-1997 (+1997)     
Ismaïl Alaoui              1997-2010
Mohammed Nabil Benabdallah 2010-
First founded in 1943, the PCM was declared illegal in 1960; then its leader, Ali Yata, launched the PLS, which for its part was banned and disbanded in 1969. The PPS was established by Yata in 1974.
General Secretaries of MPDC/PJD
Abdelkrim El Khatib        1967-2004 (+2008)          
Saâdeddine El Otmani       2004-2008
Abdelilah Benkirane        2008-         
The MPDC was established in Jan 1967 by splinters of the MP and was renamed to PJD in Oct 1998.
General Secretaries of OADP/PSU
Mohammed Bensaïd Aït Idder 1983-2005   
Mohammed Moujahid          2005-2012
Nabila Mounib              2012-           
The OADP was established in 1983 by splinters of the USFP. In 2005 the party merged with other forces to create the PSU.
General Secretary of PSD
Issa Ouardighi             1996-       
The PSD was established by splinters of OADP in 1996.

(Party leaderships are a courtesy of Philippe Cousineau)

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