Leaders of New Zealand
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Look for biographies of the leaders (in Spanish) at CIDOB website.

Note: the British Monarch is the head of the State; he is represented by a Governor-General.


Prime Ministers
Peter Fraser                     1 Apr 1940 - 13 Dec 1949 (†1950) Labour
Sidney George Holland           13 Dec 1949 - 20 Sep 1957 (†1961) National
Keith Jacka Holyoake            20 Sep 1957 - 12 Dec 1957 (†1983) National
Walter Nash                     12 Dec 1957 - 26 Nov 1960 (†1968) Labour
Keith Jacka Holyoake            26 Nov 1960 -  7 Feb 1972 (†1983) National
John (Jack) Ross Marshall        7 Feb 1972 -  8 Dec 1972 (†1988) National
Norman Eric Kirk                 8 Dec 1972 - 31 Aug 1974 (†1974) Labour
Hugh Watt                        1 Sep 1974 -  6 Sep 1974 (†1980) Labour (acting)
Wallace (Bill) Edward Rowling    6 Sep 1974 - 12 Dec 1975 (†1995) Labour
Robert David Muldoon            12 Dec 1975 - 26 Jul 1984 (†1992) National
David Russel Lange              26 Jul 1984 -  8 Aug 1989 (†2005) Labour
Geoffrey Winston Russell Palmer  8 Aug 1989 -  4 Sep 1990         Labour
Michael (Mike) Kenneth Moore     4 Sep 1990 - 27 Oct 1990         Labour
James (Jim) Brendan Bolger      27 Oct 1990 -  8 Dec 1997         National
Jennifer (Jenny) Mary Shipley    8 Dec 1997 - 10 Dec 1999         National
Helen Elizabeth Clark           10 Dec 1999 - 19 Nov 2008         Labour
John Phillip Key                19 Nov 2008 - 12 Dec 2016         National
Simon William (Bill) English    12 Dec 2016 - 26 Oct 2017         National
Jacinda Kate Laurell Ardern     26 Oct 2017 -                     Labour

Governors-General
Cyril Louis Norton Newall       22 Feb 1941 - 19 Apr 1946 (†1963) 
Michael Myers                   19 Apr 1946 - 17 Jun 1946 (†1950) (acting)
Bernard Cyril Freyberg          17 Jun 1946 - 15 Aug 1952 (†1963) 
Humphrey Francis O'Leary        15 Aug 1952 -  2 Dec 1952 (†1953) (acting)
Charles Willoughby Moke Norrie   2 Dec 1952 - 25 Jul 1957 (†1977)
Harold Eric Barrowclough        25 Jul 1957 -  5 Sep 1957 (†1972) (acting)
Charles John Lyttelton           5 Sep 1957 - 13 Sep 1962 (†1977)
Harold Eric Barrowclough        13 Sep 1962 -  9 Nov 1962 (†1972) (acting)
Bernard Edward Fergusson         9 Nov 1962 - 20 Oct 1967 (†1980) 
Herbert Richard Churton Wild    20 Oct 1967 -  1 Dec 1967 (†1978) (acting)
Arthur Espie Porritt             1 Dec 1967 -  7 Sep 1972 (†1994)
Herbert Richard Churton Wild     7 Sep 1972 - 27 Sep 1972 (†1978) (acting)
Edward Denis Blundell           27 Sep 1972 -  5 Oct 1977 (†1984) 
Keith Jacka Holyoake             5 Oct 1977 - 25 Oct 1980 (†1983) 
David Stuart Beattie             6 Nov 1980 - 22 Nov 1985 (†2001)
Paul Alfred Reeves              22 Nov 1985 - 20 Nov 1990 (†2011)
Catherine Anne Tizard           20 Nov 1990 - 21 Mar 1996         
Michael Hardie Boys             22 Mar 1996 - 21 Mar 2001         
Sian Seerpoohl Elias            22 Mar 2001 -  4 Apr 2001         (acting) 
Silvia Rose Cartwright           4 Apr 2001 -  4 Aug 2006         
Sian Seerpoohl Elias             4 Aug 2006 - 23 Aug 2006         (acting) 
Anand Satyanand                 23 Aug 2006 - 31 Aug 2011
Jeremiah (Jerry) Mateparae      31 Aug 2011 - 28 Sep 2016
Patricia Lee (Patsy) Reddy      28 Sep 2016 -       

(Source: Rulers, by Ben Schemmel)


Deputy Prime Ministers
Keith Jacka Holyoake            13 Dec 1949 - 20 Sep 1957 (†1983) National
John (Jack) Ross Marshall       20 Sep 1957 - 12 Dec 1957 (†1988) National
Clarence Farringdon Skinner     12 Dec 1957 - 12 Dec 1960 (†1962) Labour
John (Jack) Ross Marshall       12 Dec 1960 -  9 Feb 1972 (†1988) National
Robert David Muldoon             9 Feb 1972 -  8 Dec 1972 (†1992) National
Hugh Watt                        8 Dec 1972 - 10 Sep 1974 (†1980) Labour
Robert (Bob) James Tizard       10 Sep 1974 - 12 Dec 1975 (†2016) Labour
Brian Edward Talboys            12 Dec 1975 -  4 Mar 1981 (†2012) National
Duncan MacIntyre                 4 Mar 1981 - 15 Mar 1984 (†2001) National
James (Jim) Kenneth McLay       15 Mar 1984 - 26 Jul 1984         National
Geoffrey Winston Russell Palmer 26 Jul 1984 -  8 Aug 1989         Labour    
Helen Elizabeth Clark            8 Aug 1989 -  2 Nov 1990         Labour  
Donald (Don) Charles McKinnon    2 Nov 1990 - 16 Dec 1996         National
Winston Raymond Peters          16 Dec 1996 - 14 Aug 1998         New Zealand First   
Wyatt Beetham Creech            14 Aug 1998 -  5 Dec 1999         National
James (Jim) Patrick Anderton     5 Dec 1999 - 15 Aug 2002 (†2018) Alliance
Michael John Cullen             15 Aug 2002 - 19 Nov 2008         Labour
Simon William (Bill) English    19 Nov 2008 - 12 Dec 2016         National
Paula Lee Bennett               12 Dec 2016 - 26 Oct 2017         National
Winston Raymond Peters          26 Dec 2017 -                     New Zealand First       

Ministers of Foreign Affairs
Peter Fraser                    1943-1949 (†1950) Labour
Frederick Widdowson Doidge      1949-1951 (†1954) National
Thomas Clifton Webb             1951-1954 (†1962) National
Thomas Lachlan Macdonald        1951-1957 (†1980) National
Walter Nash                     1957-1960 (†1968) Labour
Keith Jacka Holyoake            1960-1972 (†1983) National
John (Jack) Ross Marshall       1972      (†1988) National
Norman Eric Kirk                1972-1974 (†1974) Labour
Joseph Albert Walding           1974      (†1985) Labour (acting)
Wallace (Bill) Edward Rowling   1974-1975 (†1995) Labour
Brian Edward Talboys            1975-1981 (†2012) National
Warren Ernest Cooper            1981-1984         National
David Russell Lange             1984-1987 (†2005) Labour
Cedric Russell Marshall         1987-1990         Labour
Michael (Mike) Kenneth Moore    1990              Labour
Donald (Don) Charles McKinnon   1990-1999         National
Philip (Phil) Bruce Goff        1999-2005         Labour
Winston Raymond Peters          2005-2008         New Zealand First 
Helen Elizabeth Clark           2008              Labour (acting) 
Murray Stuart McCully           2008-2017         National
Gerard (Gerry) Anthony Brownlee 2017              National
Winston Raymond Peters          2017-             New Zealand First

Leaders of the National Party
Sidney George Holland           1940-1957 (†1961) 
Keith Jacka Holyoake            1957-1972 (†1983) 
John (Jack) Ross Marshall       1972-1974 (†1988) 
Robert David Muldoon            1974-1984 (†1992) 
James (Jim) Kenneth McLay       1984-1986           
James (Jim) Brendan Bolger      1986-1997         
Jennifer (Jenny) Mary Shipley   1997-2001         
Simon William (Bill) English    2001-2003        
Donald (Don) Thomas Brash       2003-2006
John Phillip Key                2006-2016
Simon William (Bill) English    2016-2018
Simon Joseph Bridges            2018-

Leaders of the New Zealand Labour Party
Peter Fraser                    1940-1950 (†1950)     
Walter Nash                     1951-1963 (†1968) 
Arnold Henry Nordmeyer          1963-1965 (†1989) 
Norman Eric Kirk                1965-1974 (†1974)    
Wallace (Bill) Edward Rowling   1974-1983 (†1995) 
David Russell Lange             1983-1989 (†2005) 
Geoffrey Winston Russell Palmer 1989-1990         
Michael (Mike) Kenneth Moore    1990-1993         
Helen Elizabeth Clark           1993-2008
Philip (Phil) Bruce Goff        2008-2011
David James Shearer             2011-2013
David Richard Cunliffe          2013-2014
David William Parker            2014      (interim)
Andrew James Little             2014-2017
Jacinda Kate Laurell Ardern     2017-            

Leader of New Zealand First
Winston Raymond Peters          1993-             

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