Leaders of Nicaragua
(Republic of Nicaragua)
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Look for biographies of the leaders (in Spanish) at CIDOB website.

Parties: AL: Liberal Alliance (coalition); ALN: Nicaraguan Liberal Alliance; CCN: Nicaraguan Christian Path; FSLN: Sandinist National Liberation Front; MDN: Nicaraguan Democratic Movement; MPU: United People Movement; PC: Conservative Party of Nicaragua; PCN: Conservative Nationalist Party; PCT: Traditional Conservative Party; PCDN: Democratic Conservative Party of Nicaragua; PLC: Constitutional Liberal Party (PLC, member of AL); PLI: Liberal Independent Party; PLN: Liberal Nationalist Party; UDEL: Democratic Liberation Union; UNO: National Opposition Union (coalition);


Heads of State
Presidents of the Republic
Anastasio Somoza García         1 Jan 1937 -  1 May 1947 (†1956) PLN 
Leonardo Argüello Barreto       1 May 1947 - 26 May 1947 (†1947) PLN
Benjamïn Lacayo Sacasa         26 May 1947 - 15 Aug 1947 (†1959) PLN (acting)
Vïctor Manuel Román y Reyes    15 Aug 1947 -  6 May 1950 (†1950) PLN 
Manuel Fernando Zurita          6 May 1950 -  7 May 1950         PLN (acting)
Anastasio Somoza García         7 May 1950 - 29 Sep 1956 (†1956) PLN 
Luis Anastasio Somoza Debayle  29 Sep 1956 -  1 May 1963 (†1967) PLN 
René Schick Gutiérrez           1 May 1963 -  3 Aug 1966 (†1966) PLN  
Orlando Montenegro Medrano      3 Aug 1966 -  4 Aug 1966 (†1988) PLN (acting)
Lorenzo Guerrero Gutiérrez      4 Aug 1966 -  1 May 1967 (†1981) PLN 
Anastasio Somoza Debayle        1 May 1967 -  1 May 1972 (†1980) PLN 

National Junta of Government ('Triunvirate')
 -Gen. Roberto Martínez Lacayo                           (†1984) PLN, military
 -Alfonso Lovo Cordero                                           PLN
 -Fernando Bernabé Agüero Rocha                          (†2011) PC (to 1 Mar 1973)  
 -Edmundo Paguaga Irías         1 May 1972 -  1 Dec 1974 (†2008) PC (from 1 Mar 1973)

Presidents of the Republic
Anastasio Somoza Debayle        1 Dec 1974 - 17 Jul 1979 (†1980) PLN 
Francisco Urcuyo Maliaños      17 Jul 1979 - 18 Jul 1979 (†2001) PLN (acting)

Junta of Government of National Reconstruction (*)
 -José Daniel Ortega Saavedra                                    FSLN (coordinator from 4 Mar 1981)
 -Sergio Ramírez Mercado                                         G-12, FSLN  
 -Violeta Barrios de Chamorro                                    UDEL (to 19 Apr 1980)
 -Luis Alfonso Robelo Callejas                                   MDN (to 22 Apr 1980)                   
 -Moisés Hassán Morales                                          MPU (to 4 Mar 1981)                           
 -Arturo José Cruz Porras                                (†2013) n/p (from 19 May 1980 to 4 Mar 1981) 
 -Rafael Ángel Córdova Rivas   18 Jul 1979 - 10 Jan 1985 (†2009) UDEL (from 19 May 1980)
                             
Presidents of the Republic
José Daniel Ortega Saavedra    10 Jan 1985 - 25 Apr 1990         FSLN 
Violeta Barrios de Chamorro    25 Apr 1990 - 10 Jan 1997         UNO
José Arnoldo Alemán Lacayo     10 Jan 1997 - 10 Jan 2002         PLC/AL
Enrique José Bolaños Geyer     10 Jan 2002 - 10 Jan 2007         PLC
José Daniel Ortega Saavedra    10 Jan 2007 -                     FSLN 

(*) Installed in Managua on 20 Jul 1979


Vice Presidents of the Republic
Mariano Argüello Vargas        1947-1950 (†....) PLN
Silvio Argüello Cardenal  +              (†....) PLN
Gustavo Raskosky          +              (†....) PLN
Lorenzo Guerrero Gutiérrez     1963-1966 (†1981) PLN
Silvio Argüello Cardenal  +              (†....) PLN
Gustavo Raskosky               1966-1967 (†....) PLN
Francisco Urcuyo Maliaños +              (†2001) PLN
Alfonso Callejas Deshón        1967-1972         PLN
Sergio Ramírez Mercado         1985-1990         FSLN
Virgilio Reyes Godoy           1990-1995 (†2016) PLI
Julia de La Cruz Mena Rivera   1995-1997         PLI
Enrique José Bolaños Geyer     1997-2000         PLC/AL
Leopoldo Navarro Bermúdez      2000-2002 (†2014) PLC/AL
José Rizo Castellón            2002-2005         PLC
Alfredo Gómez Urcuyo           2005-2007         PLC
Jaime René Morales Carazo      2007-2012         PLC
Moisés Halleslevens Acevedo    2012-2017         FSLN
Rosario Murillo Zambrana       2017-             FSLN

Presidential candidates
1947 1st Leonardo Argüello Barreto        (†1947) PLN
     2nd Enoc Aguado Farfán                       PCT/PLI    

1950 1st Anastasio Somoza García          (†1956) PLN   
     2nd Emiliano Chamorro Benard                 PC 

1957 1st Luis Anastasio Somoza Debayle    (†1967) PLN 
     2nd Edmundo Amador Pineda                    PCN

1963 1st René Schick Gutiérrez            (†1966) PLN  
     2nd Diego Manuel Chamorro                    PC

1967 1st Luis Anastasio Somoza Debayle    (†1967) PLN 
     2nd Fernando Bernabé Agüero Rocha    (†2011) PC/UNO

1974 1st Luis Anastasio Somoza Debayle    (†1967) PLN 
     2nd Edmundo Paguaga Irías            (†2008) PC

1984 1st José Daniel Ortega Saavedra              FSLN
     2nd Clemente Guido Chavez            (†2004) PCDN
     3rd Virgilio Reyes Godoy             (†2016) PLI

1990 1st Violeta Barrios de Chamorro              UNO
     2nd José Daniel Ortega Saavedra              FSLN

1996 1st José Arnoldo Alemán Lacayo               PLC/AL
     2nd José Daniel Ortega Saavedra              FSLN
     3rd Guillermo Antonio Osorno Molina          CCN

2001 1st Enrique José Bolaños Geyer               PLC
     2nd José Daniel Ortega Saavedra              FSLN
     3rd Alberto Saborío Morales          (†2016) PC

2006 1st José Daniel Ortega Saavedra              FSLN
     2nd Eduardo Montealegre Rivas                ALN-PC
     3rd José Rizo Castellón                      PLC

2011 José Daniel Ortega Saavedra                  FSLN
     2nd Fabio Gadea Mantilla                     PLI
     3rd José Arnoldo Alemán Lacayo               PLC

2016 José Daniel Ortega Saavedra                  FSLN
     2nd Maximino Rodríguez Martínez              PLC
     3rd José del Carmen Alvarado Ruiz            PLI
     4th Saturnino Cerrato Hodgson                ALN

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