Leaders of Pakistan
(Islamic Republic of Pakistan)
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Look for biographies of the leaders (in Spanish) at CIDOB website. The site Rulers provides comprehensive lists of rulers of the historical states and the current provinces.

Note: Since the independence on 14 Aug 1947 to the proclamation of the Republic on 23 Mar 1956, the head of State was the British monarch, represented by a Governor-General.

Parties: AL: Awami League; CML: Convention Muslim League; IJI: Islami Jamhoori Ittehad (Islamic Democratic Alliance); ML: Muslim League; PML: Pakistan Muslim League; PML-N: Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz Sharif; PML-Q: Pakistan Muslim League-Quaid-e-Azam. PPP: Pakistan People's Party; NPP: National People's Party; RP: Republican Party;


Heads of State
Governors-General
Mohammad Ali Jinnah        15 Aug 1947 - 11 Sep 1948 (+1948) ML
Khwaja Nazimaddin          14 Sep 1948 - 17 Oct 1951 (+1964) ML
Ghulam Mohammad            17 Oct 1951 -  6 Oct 1955 (+1956) ML
Iskander Ali Mirza          6 Oct 1955 - 23 Mar 1956 (+1969) military 

Presidents of the Republic
Iskander Ali Mirza         23 Mar 1956 - 27 Oct 1958 (+1969) RP
Mohammad Ayub Khan         27 Oct 1958 - 25 Mar 1969 (+1974) military  
Agha Mohammad Yahya Khan   25 Mar 1969 - 20 Dec 1971 (+1980) military (1)   
Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto        20 Dec 1971 - 13 Aug 1973 (+1979) PPP
Fazal Elahi Chaudhry       14 Aug 1973 - 16 Sep 1978 (+1982) PPP
Mohammad Zia ul-Haq        16 Sep 1978 - 17 Aug 1988 (+1988) military 
Ghulam Ishaq Khan          17 Aug 1988 - 18 Jul 1993 (+2006) n/p (acting to 13 Dec 1988)     
Wasim Sajjad               18 Jul 1993 - 14 Nov 1993         PML-N (acting) 
Farooq Ahmed Khan Leghari  14 Nov 1993 -  2 Dec 1997 (+2010) PPP 
Wasim Sajjad                2 Dec 1997 -  1 Jan 1998         PML-N (acting)  
Mohammad Rafiq Tarar        1 Jan 1998 - 20 Jun 2001         PML-N    
Pervez Musharraf           20 Jun 2001 - 18 Aug 2008         military, n/p 
Mohammad Mian Soomro       18 Aug 2008 -  9 Sep 2008         PML-Q (acting)
Asif Ali Zardari            9 Sep 2008 -  9 Sep 2013         PPP
Mamnoon Hussain             9 Sep 2013 -                     PML-N, n/p

(1) Chief Martial Law Administrator to 31 Mar 1969 and then president of the Republic.

Prime Ministers
Nawabzada Liaquat Ali Khan 19 Jul 1947 - 16 Oct 1951 (+1951) ML
Khwaja Nazimaddin          17 Oct 1951 - 17 Apr 1953 (+1964) ML
Mohammad Ali Bogra         17 Apr 1953 - 12 Aug 1955 (+1963) ML
Chauhdry Mohammad Ali      12 Aug 1955 - 12 Sep 1956 (+1980) ML
Hussain Shaheed Suhrawardy 12 Sep 1956 - 17 Oct 1957 (+1963) AL
Ismail Ibrahim Chundrigar  17 Oct 1957 - 16 Dec 1957 (+1960) ML
Malik Firooz Khan Noon     16 Dec 1957 - 24 Oct 1958 (+1970) RP
Mohammad Ayub Khan         24 Oct 1958 - 27 Mar 1969 (+1974) military
Agha Mohammad Yahya Khan   27 Mar 1969 -  7 Dec 1971 (+1980) military  
Nurul Amin                  7 Dec 1971 - 24 Dec 1971 (+1974) PPP   
Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto        24 Dec 1971 -  5 Jul 1977 (+1979) PPP 
Mohammad Zia ul-Haq         5 Jul 1977 - 24 Mar 1985 (+1988) military (2) 
Mohammad Khan Junejo       24 Mar 1985 - 29 May 1988 (+1993) PML
Mohammad Zia ul-Haq         9 Jun 1988 - 17 Aug 1988 (+1988) military
Benazir Bhutto              2 Dec 1988 -  6 Aug 1990 (+2007) PPP
Ghulam Mustafa Jatoi        6 Aug 1990 -  6 Nov 1990 (+2009) NPP (interim)
Mian Mohammad Nawaz Sharif  6 Nov 1990 - 18 Apr 1993         PML-N    
Balakh Sher Mazari         18 Apr 1993 - 26 May 1993         PML-N (interim)   
Mian Mohammad Nawaz Sharif 26 May 1993 - 18 Jul 1993         PML-N    
Moeen Qureshi              18 Jul 1993 - 19 Oct 1993 (+2016) n/p (interim)         
Benazir Bhutto             19 Oct 1993 -  5 Nov 1996 (+2007) PPP
Malik Miraj Khalid          5 Nov 1996 - 17 Feb 1997 (+2003) n/p (interim)    
Mian Mohammad Nawaz Sharif 17 Feb 1997 - 12 Oct 1999         PML-N    
Pervez Musharraf           12 Oct 1999 - 23 Nov 2002         military (3)
Mir Zafarullah Khan Jamali 23 Nov 2002 - 30 Jun 2004         PML-Q
Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain   30 Jun 2004 - 28 Aug 2004         PML-Q
Shaukat Aziz               28 Aug 2004 - 16 Nov 2007         PML-Q
Mohammad Mian Soomro       16 Nov 2007 - 25 Mar 2008         PML-Q (interim) 
Yousaf Raza Gilani         25 Mar 2008 - 19 Jun 2012         PPP
Raja Pervez Ashraf         22 Jun 2012 - 25 Mar 2013         PPP
Mir Hazar Khan Khoso       25 Mar 2013 -  5 Jun 2013         n/p (interim)
Mian Mohammad Nawaz Sharif  5 Jun 2013 -                     PML-N 

(2) Head of Government as Chief Martial Law Administrator.
(3) The facto ruler to 15 Oct 1999, then Chief Executive and (from 25 Oct 1999) chairman of a military/civilian National Security Countil.
Speakers of the National Assembly
Mohammad Ali Jinnah        11 Aug 1947 - 11 Sep 1948 (+1948) ML     
Maulvi Tamizuddin Khan     14 Dec 1948 - 24 Oct 1954 (+1963) ML
Abdul Wahab Khan           12 Aug 1955 -  7 Oct 1958         ML
Maulvi Tamizuddin Khan     11 Jun 1962 - 19 Aug 1963 (+1963) ML
Fazlul Qadir Chaudhry      29 Nov 1963 - 12 Jun 1965 (+1973) CML
Abdul Jabbar Khan          12 Jun 1965 - 25 Mar 1969 (+1984) CML
Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto        14 Apr 1972 - 12 Apr 1973 (+1979) PPP
Fazal Elahi Chaudhry       15 Aug 1972 -  7 Aug 1973 (+1982) PPP
Sahibzada Farooq Ali        9 Aug 1973 - 27 Mar 1977         PPP
Malik Miraj Khalid         27 Mar 1977 -  5 Jul 1977 (+2003) PPP
Fakhar Imam                22 Mar 1985 - 26 May 1986         PML
Hamid Nasir Chattha        31 May 1986 -  3 Dec 1988         PML
Malik Miraj Khalid          3 Dec 1988 -  4 Nov 1990 (+2003) PML
Gohar Ayub Khan             4 Nov 1990 - 17 Oct 1993         IJI
Yousaf Raza Gilani         17 Oct 1993 - 16 Feb 1997         PPP
Elahi Bukhsh Soomro        16 Feb 1997 - 15 Oct 1999         PML-N     
Chaudhry Amir Hussain      19 Nov 2002 - 19 Mar 2008         PML-Q 
Fahmida Mirza              19 Mar 2008 -                     PPP

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