Leaders of the United States of America
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Look for biographies of the leaders (in Spanish) at CIDOB website.

Comprehensive lists providing the Governors of the States are available at Rulers, in seven parts: A-D, F-K, L-M, N, O-R, S-U, V-W.


Presidents
Franklin D. Roosevelt      4 Mar 1933 - 12 Apr 1945 (+1945) Dem 
Harry S. Truman           12 Apr 1945 - 20 Jan 1953 (+1972) Dem 
Dwight D. Eisenhower      20 Jan 1953 - 20 Jan 1961 (+1969) Rep 
John F. Kennedy           20 Jan 1961 - 22 Nov 1963 (+1963) Dem 
Lyndon B. Johnson         22 Nov 1963 - 20 Jan 1969 (+1973) Dem 
Richard M. Nixon          20 Jan 1969 -  9 Aug 1974 (+1994) Rep 
Gerald R. Ford             9 Aug 1974 - 20 Jan 1977 (+2006) Rep 
James (Jimmy) E. Carter   20 Jan 1977 - 20 Jan 1981         Dem 
Ronald W. Reagan          20 Jan 1981 - 20 Jan 1989 (+2004) Rep 
George H. W. Bush         20 Jan 1989 - 20 Jan 1993         Rep 
William (Bill) J. Clinton 20 Jan 1993 - 20 Jan 2001         Dem 
George W. Bush            20 Jan 2001 - 20 Jan 2009         Rep 
Barack H. Obama           20 Jan 2009 - 20 Jan 2017         Dem 
Donald J. Trump           20 Jan 2017 -                     Rep

Vice Presidents
Henry A. Wallace          20 Jan 1941 - 20 Jan 1945 (+1965) Dem 
Harry S. Truman           20 Jan 1945 - 12 Apr 1945 (+1972) Dem 
Alben W. Barkley          20 Jan 1949 - 20 Jan 1953 (+1956) Dem 
Richard M. Nixon          21 Jan 1953 - 20 Jan 1961 (+1994) Rep 
Lyndon B. Johnson         20 Jan 1961 - 22 Nov 1963 (+1973) Dem 
Hubert H. Humphrey        20 Jan 1965 - 20 Jan 1969 (+1978) Dem 
Spiro T. Agnew            20 Jan 1969 - 10 Oct 1973 (+1996) Rep
Gerald R. Ford             6 Dec 1973 -  9 Aug 1974 (+2006) Rep 
Nelson A. Rockefeller     19 Dec 1974 - 20 Jan 1977 (+1979) Rep
Walter F. (Fritz) Mondale 20 Jan 1977 - 20 Jan 1981         Dem
George H. W. Bush         20 Jan 1981 - 20 Jan 1989         Rep
J. Danforth (Dan) Quayle  20 Jan 1989 - 20 Jan 1993         Rep
Albert (Al) A. Gore       20 Jan 1993 - 20 Jan 2001         Dem
Richard (Dick) B. Cheney  20 Jan 2001 - 20 Jan 2009         Rep
Joseph (Joe) R. Biden     20 Jan 2009 - 20 Jan 2017         Dem
Michael (Mike) R. Pence   20 Jan 2017 -                     Rep

Secretaries of State
Edward R. Stettinius      1944-1945 (+1949) 
James F. Byrnes           1945-1947 (+1972) 
George C. Marshall        1947-1949 (+1959) 
Dean G. Acheson           1949-1953 (+1971) 
John Foster Dulles        1953-1959 (+1959) 
Christian A. Herter       1959-1961 (+1966) 
D. Dean Rusk              1961-1969 (+1994) 
William P. Rogers         1969-1973 (+2001) 
Henry A. Kissinger        1973-1977         
Cyrus R. Vance            1977-1980 (+2002) 
Edmund S. Muskie          1980-1981 (+1996) 
Alexander M. Haig         1981-1982 (+2010)       
George P. Shultz          1982-1989         
James A. Baker            1989-1992         
Lawrence S. Eagleburger   1992-1993 (+2011)      
Warren M. Christopher     1993-1997 (+2011)      
Madeleine K. Albright     1997-2001         
Colin L. Powell	          2001-2005
Condoleezza Rice          2005-2009
Hillary D. Rodham Clinton 2009-2013
John F. Kerry             2013-2017
Thomas (Tom) A. Shannon   2017             (acting)  
Rex W. Tillerson          2017-            

Secretaries of War and Defence
Secretaries of War
Henry L. Stimson          1940-1945 (+1950) 
Robert P. Patterson       1945-1947 (+1952) 
Kenneth C. Royall         1947      (+1971)

Secretaries of Defence
James V. Forrestal        1947-1949 (+1949)
Louis A. Johnson          1949-1950 (+1956) 
George C. Marshall        1950-1951 (+1959) 
Robert A. Lovett          1951-1953 (+1986) 
Charles E. Wilson         1953-1957 (+1961) 
Neil H. McElroy           1957-1959 (+1972) 
Thomas S. Gates           1959-1961 (+1983) 
Robert S. McNamara        1961-1968 (+2009)        
Clark M. Clifford         1968-1969 (+1998) 
Melvin R. Laird           1969-1973 (+2016)       
Elliot L. Richardson      1973      (+1999) 
James R. Schlesinger      1973-1975 (+2014)        
Donald H. Rumsfeld        1975-1977         
Harold Brown              1977-1981         
Caspar W. Weinberger      1981-1987 (+2006) 
Frank C. Carlucci         1987-1989         
Richard (Dick) B. Cheney  1989-1993         
Leslie (Les) Aspin        1993-1994 (+1995) 
William J. Perry          1994-1997         
William S. Cohen          1997-2001         
Donald H. Rumsfeld        2001-2006         
Robert M. Gates           2006-2011
Leon E. Panetta           2011-2013
Charles (Chuck) T. Hagel  2013-2015
Ahston (Ash) B. Carter    2015-2017
Robert O. Work            2017             (acting)       
James N. Mattis           2017- 

Secretaries of the Treasury
Henry Morgenthau          1934-1945 (+1967)
Frederick M. Vinson       1945-1946 (+1953) 
John W. Snyder            1946-1953 (+1985) 
George M. Humphrey        1953-1957 (+1970) 
Robert B. Anderson        1957-1961 (+1989) 
C. Douglas Dillon         1961-1965 (+2003) 
Henry H. Fowler           1965-1968 (+2000) 
Joseph W. Barr            1968-1969 (+1996) 
David M. Kennedy          1969-1971 (+1996) 
John B. Connally          1971-1972 (+1993) 
George P. Shultz          1972-1974         
William E. Simon          1974-1977 (+2000) 
W. Michael Blumenthal     1977-1979         
G. William Miller         1979-1981 (+2006) 
Donald T. Regan           1981-1985 (+2003) 
James A. Baker            1985-1988         
Nicholas F. Brady         1988-1993         
Lloyd M. Bentsen          1993-1994 (+2006) 
Robert E. Rubin           1995-1999         
Lawrence H. Summers       1999-2001         
Paul H. O'Neill           2001-2003         
John W. Snow              2003-2006         
Henry M. Paulson          2006-2009
Timothy F. Geithner       2009-2013
Neal S. Wolin             2013              (acting)     
Jacob Joseph (Jack) Lew   2013-2017
Adam J. Szubin            2017              (acting) 
Steven (Steve) T. Mnuchin 2017-

Chairmen of the Federal Reserve
Marriner S. Eccles        1934-1948 (+1977) 
Thomas B. McCabe          1948-1951 (+1982) 
William M. Martin         1951-1970 (+1998) 
Arthur F. Burns           1970-1978 (+1987) 
G. William Miller         1978-1979 (+2006) 
Paul A. Volcker           1979-1987         
Allan C. Greenspan        1987-2006        
Ben Shalom Bernanke       2006-2014
Janet Louise Yellen       2014-             

Attorneys General
Thomas (Tom) C. Clark     1945-1949 (+1977) 
J. Howard McGrath         1949-1952 (+1966) 
James P. McGranery        1952-1953 (+1962) 
Herbert Brownell          1953-1957 (+1996) 
William P. Rogers         1957-1961 (+2001) 
Robert F. Kennedy         1961-1964 (+1968)
Nicholas de B. Katzenbach 1964-1966 (+2012)        
W. Ramsey Clark           1967-1969         
John N. Mitchell          1969-1972 (+1988)
Richard G. Kleindienst    1972-1973 (+2000) 
Elliot L. Richardson      1973      (+1999) 
William B. Saxbe          1973-1975 (+2010)        
Edward H. Levi            1975-1977 (+2000) 
Griffin B. Bell           1977-1979 (+2009)      
Benjamin R. Civiletti     1979-1981        
William F. Smith          1981-1985 (+1990)
Edwin Meese               1985-1988        
Richard L. Thornburgh     1988-1991         
William P. Barr           1991-1993         
Janet Reno                1993-2001 (+2016)       
John D. Ashcroft          2001-2005         
Alberto R. Gonzales       2005-2007
Michael B. Mukasey        2007-2009
Eric H. Holder            2009-2015
Loretta E. Lynch          2015-2017
Sally Q. Yates            2017              (acting)
Dana J. Boente            2017              (acting)
Jefferson (Jeff) Sessions 2017-

Secretaries of Homeland Security
Thomas J. Ridge           2003-2005
James M. Loy              2005       (acting)
Michael B. Chertoff       2005-2009
Janet Napolitano          2009-2013
Rand Beers                2013       (acting)
Jeh C. Johnson            2013-2017
Chip Fulghum              2017       (acting)
John F. Kelly             2017-

National Security advisors
Robert Cutler             1953-1955 (+1974)
Dillon Anderson           1955-1956 (+1974)
Robert Cutler             1957-1958 (+1974)  
Gordon Gray               1958-1961 (+1982) 
McGeorge Bundy            1961-1966 (+1996) 
Walt W. Rostow            1966-1969 (+2003) 
Henry A. Kissinger        1969-1975         
Brent Scowcroft           1975-1977         
Zbigniew Brzezinski       1977-1981 (+2017)        
Richard V. Allen          1981-1982         
William P. Clark          1982-1983 (+2013)          
Robert C. McFarlane       1983-1985         
John M. Poindexter        1985-1986         
Frank C. Carlucci         1986-1987         
Colin L. Powell           1987-1989         
Brent Scowcroft           1989-1993         
Anthony Lake              1993-1997         
Sandy Berger              1997-2001 (+2015)      
Condoleezza Rice          2001-2005         
Stephen J. Hadley         2005-2009
James L. Jones            2009-2010
Thomas E. Donilon         2010-2013
Susan Elizabeth Rice      2013-2017
Michael (Mike) T. Flynn   2017
J. Keith Kellogg          2017      (acting)  
H. R. McMaster            2017-    

Presidential chiefs of staff
Assistant to the President
John R. Steelman          1946-1953 (+1999)

White House Chiefs of Staff
L. Sherman Adams          1953-1958 (+1986) 
Wilton B. (Jerry) Persons 1958-1961 (+1977)
William Marvin Watson     1963-1968
Harry R. (Bob) Haldeman   1969-1973 (+1993) 
Alexander M. Haig         1973-1974 (+2010)       
Donald H. Rumsfeld        1974-1975         
Richard (Dick) B. Cheney  1975-1977         
W. Hamilton M. Jordan     1979-1980 (+2008)        
John (Jack) H. Watson     1980-1981
James A. Baker            1981-1985        
Donald T. Regan           1985-1987 (+2003) 
Howard H. Baker           1987-1988 (+2014)        
Kenneth M. Duberstein     1988-1989         
John H. Sununu            1989-1991         
Samuel K. Skinner         1991-1992         
James A. Baker            1992-1993         
Thomas F. (Mack) McLarty  1993-1994         
Leon E. Panetta           1994-1997         
Erskine B. Bowles         1997-1998         
John D. Podesta           1998-2001         
Andrew H. Card            2001-2006         
Joshua B. Bolten          2006-2009
Rahm I. Emanuel           2009-2010
Peter (Pete) M.  Rouse    2010-2011 (acting)
William M. Daley          2011-2012
Jacob Joseph (Jack) Lew   2012-2013
Denis R. McDonough        2013-2017
Reinhold (Reince) Priebus 2017-       

Speakers of the House of Representatives
Samuel (Sam) T. Rayburn   1940-1947 (+1961) Dem
Joseph W. Martin          1947-1949 (+1968) Rep
Samuel (Sam) T. Rayburn   1949-1953 (+1961) Dem
Joseph W. Martin          1953-1955 (+1968) Rep
Samuel (Sam) T. Rayburn   1955-1961 (+1961) Dem
John W. McCormack         1963-1971 (+1980) Dem
Carl B. Albert            1971-1977 (+2000) Dem
Thomas P. (Tip) O'Neill   1977-1987 (+1994) Dem
James (Jim) C. Wright     1987-1989 (+2015) Dem
Thomas S. (Tom) Foley     1989-1995 (+2013) Dem
Newton (Newt) L. Gingrich 1995-1999         Rep
J. Dennis Hastert         1999-2007         Rep
Nancy Pelosi              2007-2011         Dem
John A. Boehner           2011-2015         Rep
Paul D. Ryan              2015-             Rep

Directors of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)
Directors of Central Intelligence (DCI, heads of the Intelligence Community) 
Sidney W. Souers          1946      (+1973)
Hoyt S. Vandenberg        1946-1947 (+1954)
Roscoe H. Hillenkoetter   1947-1950 (+1982) 
Walter Bedell Smith       1950-1953 (+1961) 
Allen W. Dulles           1953-1961 (+1969) 
John A. McCone            1961-1965 (+1991) 
William F. Raborn         1965-1966 (+1990) 
Richard M. Helms          1966-1973 (+2002) 
James R. Schlesinger      1973      (+2014)        
Vernon A. Walters         1973      (+2002) (acting)        
William E. Colby          1973-1976 (+1996)
George H. W. Bush         1976-1977        
Enno Henry Knoche         1977      (+2010) (acting)
Stansfield Turner         1977-1981         
William J. Casey          1981-1987 (+1987) 
Robert M. Gates           1987              (acting)       
William H. Webster        1987-1991         
Richard J. Kerr           1991              (acting)
Robert M. Gates           1991-1993         
William O. Studeman       1993              (acting)
R. James Woolsey          1993-1995         
William O. Studeman       1995              (acting)
John M. Deutch            1995-1996        
George J. Tenet           1996-2004         (acting to 1997)  
John E. McLaughlin        2004              (acting)
Porter J. Goss            2004-2005

Directors of the Central Intelligence Agency (D/CIA)  
Porter J. Goss            2005-2006      
Michael V. Hayden         2006-2009
Leon E. Panetta           2009-2011
Michael J. Morell         2011              (acting)
David H. Petraeus         2011-2012
Michael J. Morell         2012-2013         (acting)
John O. Brennan           2013-2017
Meroe Park                2017              (acting)
Michael (Mike) R. Pompeo  2017-

Directors of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)
John Edgar Hoover         1924-1972 (+1972)     
L. Patrick Gray           1972-1973 (+2005) (acting)
William D. Ruckelshaus    1973              (acting)
Clarence M. Kelley        1973-1978 (+1997) 
James B. Adams            1978              (acting)
William H. Webster        1978-1987         
John E. Otto              1987              (acting)
William S. Sessions       1987-1993         
Floyd I. Clarke           1993              (acting)
Louis J. Freeh            1993-2001         
Thomas J. Pickard         2001              (acting)
Robert S. Mueller         2001-2013  
James B. Comey            2013-2017
Andrew G. McCabe          2017-             (acting)        

Directors of National Intelligence (DNI)
John D. Negroponte          2005-2007         
J. Michael (Mike) McConnell 2007-2009
Dennis C. Blair             2009-2010
David C. Gompert            2010      (acting)
James R. Clapper            2010-2017
Michael (Mike) P. Dempsey   2017      (acting)
Daniel (Dan) Ray Coats      2017-

Chairmen of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
Omar N. Bradley           1949-1953 (+1981)
Arthur W. Radford         1953-1957 (+1973)
Nathan F. Twining         1957-1960 (+1982) 
Lyman L. Lemnitzer        1960-1962 (+1988) 
Maxwell D. Taylor         1962-1964 (+1987) 
Earle G. Wheeler          1964-1970 (+1975)
Thomas H. Moorer          1970-1974 (+2004)        
George S. Brown           1974-1978 (+1978) 
David C. Jones            1978-1982         
John W. Vessey            1982-1985         
William J. Crowe          1985-1989 (+2007)       
Colin L. Powell           1989-1993         
David E. Jeremiah         1993              (acting)
John M. Shalikashvili     1993-1997 (+2011)        
Henry H. Shelton          1997-2001         
Richard B. Myers          2001-2005         
Peter Pace                2005-2007
Michael G. Mullen         2007-2011
Martin E. Dempsey         2011-2015
Joseph F. Dunford         2015-

Chiefs of Staff of the Army
George C. Marshall        1939-1945 (+1959) 
Dwight D. Eisenhower      1945-1948 (+1969) 
Omar N. Bradley           1948-1949 (+1981) 
Joseph L. Collins         1949-1953 (+1987)  
Matthew B. Ridgway        1953-1955 (+1993) 
Maxwell D. Taylor         1955-1959 (+1987) 
Lyman L. Lemnitzer        1959-1960 (+1988) 
George H. Decker          1960-1962 (+1980) 
Earle G. Wheeler          1962-1964 (+1975) 
Harold K. Johnson         1964-1968 (+1983)
William C. Westmoreland   1968-1972 (+2005) 
Bruce Palmer              1972      (+2000) (acting)
Creighton W. Abrams       1972-1974 (+1974)     
Frederick C. Weyand       1974-1976 (+2010)     
Bernard W. Rogers         1976-1979 (+2008)       
Edward C. Meyer           1979-1983        
John A. Wickham           1983-1987         
Carl E. Vuono             1987-1991         
Gordon R. Sullivan        1991-1995         
Dennis J. Reimer          1995-1999         
Eric K. Shinseki          1999-2003         
John M. Keane             2003              (acting)
Peter J. Schoomaker       2003-2007
George W. Casey           2007-2011
Martin E. Dempsey         2011
Raymond T. Odierno        2011-2015
Mark A. Milley            2015-   

Defeated presidential candidates
1944  Thomas E. Dewey     (+1971) Rep 
1948  Thomas E. Dewey     (+1971) Rep
      Henry A. Wallace    (+1965) indep
1952  Adlai E. Stevenson  (+1965) Dem
1956  Adlai E. Stevenson  (+1965) Dem  
1960  Richard M. Nixon    (+1994) Rep
1964  Barry M. Goldwater  (+1998) Rep 
1968  Hubert H. Humphrey  (+1978) Dem 
      George C. Wallace   (+1998) indep
1972  George S. McGovern  (+2012) Dem   
1976  Gerald R. Ford      (+2006) Rep   
      Eugene J. McCarthy  (+2005) indep 
1980  Jimmy E. Carter             Dem
      John B. Anderson            indep
1984  Walter F. Mondale           Dem
1988  Michael S. Dukakis          Dem
1992  George H. W. Bush           Rep
      Ross Perot                  indep
1996  Robert (Bob) J. Dole        Rep
      Ross Perot                  indep
2000  Albert (Al) A. Gore         Dem
      Ralph Nader                 Green
2004  John F. Kerry               Dem
2008  John S. McCain              Rep
2012  Mitt Romney                 Rep
2016  Hillary Rodham Clinton      Dem

Chairmen of the Democratic National Committee
Robert E. Hannegan          1944-1947 (+1949)
J. Howard McGrath           1947-1949 (+1966)
William M. Boyle            1949-1951 (+1961)
Frank E. McKinney           1951-1952 (+1974)
Stephen A. Mitchell         1952-1955 (+1974) 
Paul M. Butler              1955-1960 (+1961)
Henry M. Jackson            1960-1961 (+1983)
John M. Bailey              1961-1968 (+1975)
Lawrence F. O'Brien         1968-1969 (+1990)
Frederick (Fred) Roy Harris 1969-1970
Lawrence F. O'Brien         1970-1972 (+1990)
Jean M. Westwood            1972      (+1997)
Robert S. Strauss           1972-1977 (+2014)
Kenneth M. Curtis           1977-1978
John C. White               1978-1981 (+1995)
Charles T. Manatt           1981-1985 (+2011)
Paul G. Kirk                1985-1989
Ronald (Ron) Brown          1989-1993 (+1996)
David Wilhelm               1993-1994
Debra DeLee                 1994-1995
Donald L. Fowler + 
 Christopher (Chris) Dodd   1995-1997
Steven Grossman +         
Roy Romer                   1997-1999
Joseph J. (Joe) Andrew + 
 Edward (Ed) Rendell        1999-2001
Terrence (Terry) McAuliffe  2001-2005
Howard B. Dean              2005-2009
Timothy (Tim) M. Kaine      2009-2011
Donna Brazile               2011      (acting)
Debbie Wasserman Schultz    2011-2016
Donna Brazile               2016-2017 (acting)  
Thomas (Tom) E. Perez       2017-   
(List courtesy of Rulers.org)
Chairmen of the Republican National Committee
Herbert Brownell          1944-1946 (+1996)
Carroll Reece             1946-1948 (+1961)
Hugh D. Scott             1948-1949 (+1994)
Guy G. Gabrielson         1949-1952 (+1976)
Arthur E. Summerfield     1952-1953 (+1972)
Wesley Roberts            1953      (+1975)
Leonard W. Hall           1953-1957 (+1979)
Meade Alcorn              1957-1959 (+1992)
Thruston B. Morton        1959-1961 (+1982)
William E. Miller         1961-1964 (+1983)
Dean Burch                1964-1965 (+1991)
Ray Charles Bliss         1965-1969 (+1981)
Rogers C. B. Morton       1969-1971 (+1979)
Robert J. (Bob) Dole      1971-1973
George H. W. Bush         1973-1974
Mary Louise Smith         1974-1977 (+1997)
William E. Brock          1977-1981
Richard (Dick) Richards   1981-1983 (+2015)
Frank J. Fahrenkopf       1983-1989
Lee Atwater               1989-1991 (+1991)
Clayton K. Yeutter        1991-1992
Richard N. Bond           1992-1993
Haley Barbour             1993-1997
James (Jim) Nicholson     1997-2001
James (Jim) Gilmore       2001-2002
Marc Racicot              2002-2003
Edward (Ed) Gillespie     2003-2005
Kenneth (Ken) B. Mehlman  2005-2007
Robert M. (Mike) Duncan   2007-2009
Michael S. Steele         2009-2011
Reinhold (Reince) Priebus 2011-2017
Ronna Romney McDaniel     2017-
(List courtesy of Rulers.org)

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